PATERSON GREAT FALLS
March 2004: Scope of Work
Prepared for the Cultural Resource Survey
A revised scope of work for a
full survey of the cultural resources on the ATP Site has been prepared by
Historic Conservation and Interpretation, Inc. (HIC), the industrial archeology
consulting firm established by the late Ed Rutsch. As laid out by HIC, the
cultural resources survey will consist principally of three phases:
1. Documentary Research
- To define the original S.U.M. mill lots and
subsequent subdivisions that took place over time.
- To gather information on the hydropower
delivered to each mill, such as: How much water was delivered to each mill,
the height of the fall (potential hydropower), the types of water wheels or
turbines used, the other industrial processes that used the raceway water,
and the condition of the exhaust water that flowed back to the river.
- To clarify hallmark periods of
- To support decisions concerning retention of
2. Evaluation of the Cultural
- Describe specific aspects that give historic
character and cultural importance.
- State the significance of the cultural
- Determine if the characteristics that
defined the landscape during its periods of significance are still present
by evaluating these seven qualities of historic integrity: location,
setting, feeling, association, design, workmanship, and materials.
3. Infield Investigations
- Search any previously undisturbed soil
layers for prehistoric cultural remains.
- Perform historic archeology to obtain the
location, size, layout, and construction of each potentially significant
- Evaluate the significance of each resource
so that the ATP Site can be interpreted accurately.
- Determine the three parts of the hydropower
system of each mill: the headrace or flume that delivered water into the
mill, the waterwheel or turbine that was turned by the fall of the water,
and the tailrace that carried the water back to the Passaic River.